Bosnia


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Bosnia is a country on the Balkan peninsula of Southern Europe with about 19,741 square miles and a population of about 4 million people. More than 95% of the population of Bosnia belongs to one its three constitutive ethnic groups: Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats. Contitutive refers to the fact that these ethnic groups are mentioned in the constitution, and that none of them can be considered a minority or immigrant. Bosnia is decentralized and is divided into 2 entities, the Federation of Bosnia and the Republika Srpska.¹ Bosnia is landlocked except for the Adriatic Sea Coastline. Bosnia is bordered by Coatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the south. The interior of the country is mountainous in the center and south, hilly in the northwest, and flat in the northeast. Regardless of the beautiful landscape of Bosnia, there has been turmoil there within the last 10 years. A war between the three main political and religious groups caused a refugee situation to occur. Many people who were being prosecuted fled to nearby countries and other areas of the world that would accept them. Of the refugees that fled Bosnia, many of them fled to Germany where they were eventually kicked out and told to either return to Bosnia or to find somewhere else to live.

Bosnia in 1986....²

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Bosnia Current...³

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Works Cited:

¹"Bosnia." Wikipedia. Date accessed: 18 Apr. 2007 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina>.

²Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Galen Fry Singer. Date accessed: 3 May 2007 <www.galenfrysinger.com/Photos/bosnia05.jpg>.

³Bosnia.Jpg. Austrian Armed Forces. Date accessed: 3 May 2007 <http://www.bmlv.gv.at/english/dynmod/vollbild/bosnia.jpg>.